Description of Teleocichla proselytus:

Teleocichla proselytus Kullander, 1988

The Teleocichla are small cichlids, similar to Crenicichla, with the body adapted for the life of the bottom of rivers that present rapids.

As features they present small size, rheophilic habit, morphological modification in the pelvic fin and mouth.

This group of dwarf cichlids are micro-predators, requiring oxygenation and high temperature, with soft water. They are species of rocks, where they create their territories, and the reproduction in the substrate.

Teleocichla proselytus: Joaninha-da-pedra, Jacundá (Brasil); Slender-pike (EUA), Vihertokkoahven

Teleocichla have a reduction in the swimming bladder; that is why they are benthic, that is, they live at the bottom of the river, in contact with the substrate and do not have full swimming capacity. They are bentivores, so they have a mouth adapted to harvest food from the stream bed.

They are reophilic fish, that is, they need to swim against the current of rivers to mature sexually and to breed.

Regarding species of Teleocichlas, two species are sympatric and live in the Tapajós River: Teleocichla prionogenys, which has three lines of scales that separate the lateral lines, and Teleocichla proselytus with lateral lines separated by two lines of scales.

Teleocichla proselytus: Joaninha-da-pedra, Jacundá (Brasil); Slender-pike (EUA), Vihertokkoahven

Teleocichla proselytus Kullander, 1988  

According to FISHBASE:

Kingdom = Animalia ; Phylum = Chordata ; Class = Actinopterygii ; Perciformes ; Family = Cichlidae ; Genus = Teleocichla
.

Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin, in the Tapajós River at São Luis, Brazil.

Size - Maximum Length: 5,7 cm.

Synonyms: Teleocichla proselytus, Crenicichla proselytus.

Common name of Teleocichla proselytus: Joaninha-da-pedra, Jacundá (Brasil); Slender-pike (EUA), Vihertokkoahven (EUA).

Teleocichla proselytus: Joaninha-da-pedra, Jacundá (Brasil); Slender-pike (EUA), Vihertokkoahven

Reference: Kullander, S.O., 1988. Teleocichla, a new genus of South American rheophilic cichlid fishes with six new species (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Copeia 1988(1):196-230.

Teleocichla proselytus: Joaninha-da-pedra, Jacundá (Brasil); Slender-pike (EUA), Vihertokkoahven

Teleocichla proselytus: Joaninha-da-pedra, Jacundá (Brasil); Slender-pike (EUA), Vihertokkoahven

Caquetaia spectabilis  - Glänzender RotkehlbuntbarschReferences:

FISHBASE = https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Teleocichla-proselytus

INSTRUÇÃO NORMATIVA INTERMINISTERIAL N°1, DE 3 DE JANEIRO DE 2012. Diário Oficial da União – Seção I, Nº3, quarta-feira, 4 de janeiro de 2012, páginas 26 a 42 – ISSN 1677-7042 INI MPA-MMA (n01-2012 - Peixes Ornamentais Continentais.pdf)

Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Ohara, W. M., Lima, F. C. T., Salvador, G. N., Andrade, M. C. 2017. Peixes do rio Teles Pires: Diversidade e Guia de Identificação. Goiânia: Gráfica e Editora Amazonas, 2017. 404p.

Queiroz, L. J.; Vilara, G. T.; Ohara, W. M.; Pires, T. H. S.; Zuanon, J.; Doria, C. R. C. Peixes do Rio Madeira. São Paulo. Vol.3. 2013.

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