Identification Key of Demon eartheater - Satanoperca jurupari

Satanoperca jurupari - 3rd WOOD RIVER

1 ”- Absence of a dark spot on the posterior end of the operculum .......................................................................................................... 3

3 ”-“ American ”type lip arrangement, ie the dental skin folds over that of the posterior end of the premaxilla ......................................................6

6 ”- More than one set of jaw teeth, all movable (depressible) teeth .......................................................................................................... 7

7 ”- First branchial arch with short and less numerous tracks (40 or fewer tracks) ............................................................................................... 9

9 ”- Scales of the lateral line with a sensory channel .................. 11

11 '- Bone and cutaneous expansion of the upper region of the first branchial arch forming a well developed lobe ................................................12

12 ”- Flank spot absent or mid-body in mid-lateral position ........ 13

13 ”- More than 13 tracks in the first keratobranchial ................... 15

15 ”- The whole area between the infraorbitals and the exposed portion of the preopercle covered by scales; non-scaled dorsal and anal fin radial membranes ....................................................................................... 16

16 '- A dark longitudinal band on the flanks ................................... 17


17 ”- Flank band and bars not evident, both in juveniles and adults .................................................................... Satanoperca jurupari

Satanoperca jurupari  Heckel, 1840

According to FISHBASE:

Kingdom = Animalia ; Phylum = Chordata ; Class = Actinopterygii ; Perciformes ; Family = Cichlidae ; Genus =
Satanoperca.

Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin from Peru, Ecuador and Colombia to the mouth of the Amazon River in Brazil, Amapá (Brazil) and eastern French Guiana, also in the Bolivian Amazon drainage, except the Guaporé River.

Size - Maximum Length: 18,5 cm.

Synonyms: Satanoperca jurupari, Geophagus jurupari , Satanoperca jurapari, Geophagus leucostictus, Satanoperca leucosticta.

Common name of Satanoperca jurupari: Cará, Acará, Porquinho (Brasil); Jurupari Earth Eater , Demon eartheater (EUA).

Reference: Kullander, S.O., 1986. Cichlid fishes of the Amazon River drainage of Peru. Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Research Division, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden, 394 p.

 

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