Identification Key of  Sharphead eartheater - Satanoperca acuticeps

Satanoperca acuticeps - 3rd WOOD RIVER

1 ”- Absence of a dark spot on the posterior end of the operculum .......................................................................................................... 3

3 ”-“ American ”type lip arrangement, ie the dental skin folds over that of the posterior end of the premaxilla ......................................................6

6 ”- More than one set of jaw teeth, all movable (depressible) teeth .......................................................................................................... 7

7 ”- First branchial arch with short and less numerous tracks (40 or fewer tracks) ............................................................................................... 9

9 ”- Scales of the lateral line with a sensory channel .................. 11

11 '- Bone and cutaneous expansion of the upper region of the first branchial arch forming a well developed lobe ................................................12

12 ”- Flank spot absent or mid-body in mid-lateral position ........ 13

13 ”- More than 13 tracks in the first keratobranchial ................... 15

15 ”- The whole area between the infraorbitals and the exposed portion of the preopercle covered by scales; non-scaled dorsal and anal fin radial membranes ....................................................................................... 16

16 ”- Absence of a dark longitudinal band on the sides ............... 18

18 '- Three rounded spots on the flanks below the level of the anterior branch of the lateral line ........................................... Satanoperca acuticeps

Satanoperca acuticeps  Heckel, 1840

Satanoperca acuticeps  Heckel, 1840

According to FISHBASE:

Kingdom = Animalia ; Phylum = Chordata ; Class = Actinopterygii ; Perciformes ; Family = Cichlidae ; Genus =
Satanoperca.

Distribution:  South America: Amazon River Basin, in Branco, Baixo Negro, and along the Solimões-Amazon River in Brazil between Tocantins and Trombetas Rivers.

Size - Maximum Length: 17,0 cm.

Synonyms: Satanoperca acuticeps, Geophagus acuticeps.

Common name of  Satanoperca acuticeps: Cará, Acará, Porquinho (Brasil); Sharphead eartheater (EUA).

Satanoperca acuticeps  Heckel, 1840

Reference: Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Satanoperca acuticeps  Heckel, 1840Satanoperca acuticeps  Heckel, 1840Satanoperca acuticeps  Heckel, 1840Satanoperca acuticeps  Heckel, 1840

Satanoperca acuticeps  Heckel, 1840

References:

FISHBASE = https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Satanoperca-acuticeps

INSTRUÇÃO NORMATIVA INTERMINISTERIAL N°1, DE 3 DE JANEIRO DE 2012. Diário Oficial da União – Seção I, Nº3, quarta-feira, 4 de janeiro de 2012, páginas 26 a 42 – ISSN 1677-7042 INI MPA-MMA (n01-2012 - Peixes Ornamentais Continentais.pdf)

Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Ohara, W. M., Lima, F. C. T., Salvador, G. N., Andrade, M. C. 2017. Peixes do rio Teles Pires: Diversidade e Guia de Identificação. Goiânia: Gráfica e Editora Amazonas, 2017. 404p.

Queiroz, L. J.; Vilara, G. T.; Ohara, W. M.; Pires, T. H. S.; Zuanon, J.; Doria, C. R. C. Peixes do Rio Madeira. São Paulo. Vol.3. 2013.

Satanoperca acuticeps  Heckel, 1840

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Satanoperca acuticeps  Heckel, 1840

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Satanoperca acuticeps  Heckel, 1840

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