The species Apistogramma taeniata has the particularity of having been the first species described in the genus Apistogramma, by Albert Günther on November 8, 1862. At the time, the genus Apistogramma did not yet exist, and today this species serves as a holotype for the genus.
 
The dwarf cichlid Apistogramma taeniata, was included in the Apistogramma regani group, is endemic and native to Brazil, from the Tapajós river, in the Amazon river basin.
 
Apistogramma agassizii, Apistogramma taeniata, #Apistogramma
 
Identification key of Apistogramma taeniata:
 
Rounded head. Straight predorsal contour descending above the middle of the steep orbit in the snout. The head contour is smoothly arched, less steep. Blunt snout. Sub-bottom mouth. Lower jaw angle approximately 45%. Jaw tip exposed, in the middle of the orbit.
 
No flaps on the dorsal fin. Rounded caudal fin.
 
Black or brownish streaks along the side of the caudal stain.
 
Suborbital and pre-orbital stripes present.
 
The dentition of Apistogramma taeniata is triserial. The external series of the upper jaw has about 52 teeth, with the mean symphysary being shorter inside. The external series of the lower jaw has about 42 teeth, with irregular symphyses, forming two series in the middle.
 
Regan's description in 1906 also indicates that the Apistogramma taeniata has post-orbital bands and states that the first three dorsal spines are blackened and the vertical fins more or less distinct. It observes an unextended vertical caudal stain, a narrow preorbital band, a broad suborbital band up to the inner edge of the pre-operculum angle, terminal bands on the dorsal and anal, and highlights that a spine of the ventral fins is dark.
 
Apistogramma agassizii, Apistogramma taeniata, #Apistogramma
 

Apistogramma taeniata Günther, 1862

According to FISHBASE:

Kingdom = Animalia ; Phylum = Chordata ; Class = Actinopterygii ; Perciformes ; Family = Cichlidae ; Genus =
  Apistogramma.

Distribution: South America: river Tapajós  in the Amazon River basin, Brazil.

Size - Maximum Length: 4,2 cm.

Synonyms: Apistogramma taeniata, Mesops taeniatus, Apistogramma taeniatum.

Common name of Apistogramma taeniata: Apisto tigre, Hohtokääpiöahven, dwarf cichlid (EUA).

Apistogramma agassizii, Apistogramma taeniata, #Apistogramma

Reference: Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Apistogramma agassizii, Apistogramma taeniata, #Apistogramma

Apistogramma agassizii, Apistogramma taeniata, #Apistogramma

Apistogramma agassizii, Apistogramma taeniata, #ApistogrammaApistogramma agassizii, Apistogramma taeniata, #Apistogramma

Apistogramma agassizii, Apistogramma taeniata, #Apistogramma

Apistogramma agassizii, Apistogramma taeniata, #Apistogramma

References:

FISHBASE = https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Apistogramma-taeniata

INSTRUÇÃO NORMATIVA INTERMINISTERIAL N°1, DE 3 DE JANEIRO DE 2012. Diário Oficial da União – Seção I, Nº3, quarta-feira, 4 de janeiro de 2012, páginas 26 a 42 – ISSN 1677-7042 INI MPA-MMA (n01-2012 - Peixes Ornamentais Continentais.pdf)

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Camargo, M., Giarrizzo, T., & Carvalho Júnior, J. 2005. Levantamento ecológico rápido da fauna ictica de tributários do Médio-baixo Tapajós e Curuá. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, 1(2), 213-231

ICMBIO Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade. Levantamento da Ictiofauna, Caracterização Genética e da Fauna Parasitária da bacia hidrográfica do rio Tapajós. 2011

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Kullander, S. O. 1986. Cichlid fishes of the Amazon River drainage of Peru. Swedish Museum of Natural History. Stockholm, Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 431p.

Kullander, S. O. 1998. A phylogeny and classification of the South American Cichlidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Pp. 461-498. In: L. R. Malabarba, R. E. Reis, R. P. Vari, Z. M. S. Lucena & C. A. S. Lucena (Eds.). Phylogeny and classification of Neotropical fishes. Porto Alegre, Edipucrs, 603p.

Kullander, S. O. 2003. Family Cichlidae (Cichlids). Pp. 605-654. In: R. E. Reis, S. O. Kullander & C. J. Ferraris, Jr. (Eds.). Check list of the freshwater fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre, Edipucrs, 729p.

Kullander, S.O.  A taxonomical study of the genus Apistogramma Regan,  with  a  revision of  Brazilian  and peruvian  species  (teleostei: percoidei:  cichlidae).  Bonner  Zoologische Monographien, 14: 1-152, 1980.

Kullander, S.O.; Ferreira, E. J. G. Two new species of Apistogramma Regan (teleostei: cichlidae)  from  the  rio trombetas, pará state, Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, v.3, n.3, p.361-371, 2005.

lowe-Mcconnell, R. H. Estudos Ecológicos de  Comunidades  de  Peixes  Tropicais.  São Paulo: Editora  da  Universidade  de São Paulo, 1999. 534p.

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Apistogramma agassizii, Apistogramma taeniata, #Apistogramma

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