Key of Identification of Pike-cichlid - Crenicichla macrophthalma

Crenicichla macrophthalma - Ploeg, A. 1991.

1. No massive black longitudinal band along sides, no very conspicuous black band above posterior lateral line  ...........................................................2

2. Lateral line scales differently coloured than rom adjacente scales ..........3

3. Range in number of scale series below lateral lines 72,3 – 76,7; range in number of gill rakers 12,0 – 12,8 ................. Crenicichla macroftalmia Heckel, 1840

CRENICICHLA LACUSTRIS GROUP

Species of the lacustres group attain a moderate size usually up to 160mm SL, maximum 222mm SL (C polysticia). Although most species have a stender body. C. jupiaensis and C. haroldoi have more robust bodies like the species of the reticulata group. They all lack a humeral spot. Usually a suborbital stripe is present. Red blotches on chest and dorsal in are presente in several species. Scale numbers are moderate for Crenicichla species (range in scale series below the lateral lines: 53,4 – 76,7), like all other characters.

Morphometric and meristic rangers are based on 95% conidence limits for averages and are not absolute values.

Crenicichla macrophthalma  Heckel, 1840

According to FISHBASE:

Kingdom = Animalia; Filo = Chordata; Class = Actinopterygii; Order = Perciformes; Family = Cichlidae; Genus = Crenicichla

Distribution Countries: South America: Amazon River basin, in the Negro, Uatumã, Tapajós, Xingu and Trombetas River basins.

Size - Maximum length: 20.0 cm

Common name of
Crenicichla macrophthalma: jacundá, joana-gensa, peixe-sabão, joaninha, jacundá (Brasil); Pike-cichlid (EUA)

References:

FISHBASE = https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Crenicichla-macrophthalma

INSTRUÇÃO NORMATIVA INTERMINISTERIAL N°1, DE 3 DE JANEIRO DE 2012. Diário Oficial da União – Seção I, Nº3, quarta-feira, 4 de janeiro de 2012, páginas 26 a 42 – ISSN 1677-7042 INI MPA-MMA (n01-2012 - Peixes Ornamentais Continentais.pdf)

Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Ohara, W. M., Lima, F. C. T., Salvador, G. N., Andrade, M. C. 2017. Peixes do rio Teles Pires: Diversidade e Guia de Identificação. Goiânia: Gráfica e Editora Amazonas, 2017. 404p.

Ploeg, A. 1991. Revision of the South American cichlid genus Crenicichla Heckel, 1840 with descriptions of fifteen new species and considerations on species groups, phylogeny and biogeography (Pisces, Perciformes, Cichlidae). Akademisch Proefschrift, Universiteit van Amsterdam, 152p.

Queiroz, L. J.; Vilara, G. T.; Ohara, W. M.; Pires, T. H. S.; Zuanon, J.; Doria, C. R. C. Peixes do Rio Madeira. São Paulo. Vol.3. 2013.

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