Identification key Hyphessobrycon scutulatus: Gold Tetra
 
Hyphessobrycon scutulatus Lucena, 2003
 
1. All or most of the unicuspid, tapered or caniniform teeth, or nipple teeth (bulky, but with a single cusp) outside the mouth ..........................2
 
2. Incomplete lateral line (small species, not exceeding 4.0 cm CP); pseudotympanum present, conspicuous ........................................9
 
9. A dark spot on the anterior portion of the dorsal fin; no spots or streaks on the body, except for a narrow dark spot on the caudal peduncle - base of the caudal fin; miniature size (maximum length less than 2 cm CP) ............................................................................................................60

60 ’. Lower lobe of the caudal fin of the same size as the upper lobe, without any dark band; anal fin typically with more than 16 branched rays, anal fin lobe generally shorter than the length of the flap base (except Hemigrammus analis) .................................................................................................63


63. Presence of a dark spot on the caudal peduncle and / or median caudal fin rays .....................................................................................................64

64 ’. Dorsal fin normally developed in males or females, never reaching even the adipose fin; anal fin of males typically with small anterior lobe (with the exception of Hyphessobrycon kayabi and Hyphessobrycon moniliger); pelvic fins of males and females equally developed, never reaching the anal fin; absence of small marks in the form of chevrons along the midline of the body ............................................................................................................65

65 ’. Back edge of scales never pigmented, without reticulate pattern; anal fin of males typically with small anterior lobe (except Hyphessobrycon moniliger) ...........................................................................................................66

66 ’. Males with anal fin with small anterior lobe, without rounded, convex anterior portion; stain on the caudal peduncle of varied shape, but never long, diffuse or slightly asymmetric .......................................................67

67 ’. Humeral stain present (except Hemigrammus sp. “Plain” and Hyphessobrycon scutulatus); anal fin typically with 17 or more branched rays (except Hemigrammus levis); silver longitudinal band, if present, narrow ...........................................................................................................68

68 ’. Dark spot on the caudal peduncle and median rays of the caudal or elongated and conspicuous fin, or rounded and inconspicuous; humeral stain, if present, conspicuous in the form of a vertical bar ........69

69. Dark stain on the caudal peduncle and median rays of the round and inconspicuous caudal fin; absent humeral stain ........................70

70 ’. Anal fin with 18-21 branched rays ................Hyphessobrycon scutulatus

Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis:

Description of Hyphessobrycon scutulatus Lucena, 2003

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal soft rays: 21 - 24; Vertebrae: 37 - 38.

Distinguished from all Hyphessobrycon species by the following characters: 7-8 tricuspid teeth in the inner premaxillary tooth row; 5-9 tricuspid teeth in maxilla; 18-21 anal-fin branched rays; small dark spot centered on the basal portion of the median caudal-fin rays, sometimes extending to their distal portions; humeral spot and longitudinal stripe absent; male pelvic fins with hooks; hooks sometimes present in the anal fin

Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis:

Hyphessobrycon scutulatus Lucena, 2003

According to FISHBASE:

Kingdom = Animalia ; Phylum = Chordata ; Class = Actinopterygii ; Order = Characiformes ; Family = Characidae ; Genus =
  Hyphessobrycon.

Distribution: South America: upper rio Tapajós system in Brazil.

Size - Maximum Length: 3,5 cm.

Synonyms: Hyphessobrycon scutulatus.

Common name of Hyphessobrycon scutulatus: Tetra Ouro, Gold Tetra (EUA).
 

Reference: Lucena, C.A.S. de, 2003. New characid fish, Hyphessobrycon scutulatus, from the rio Teles Pires drainage, upper rio Tapajós system (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Characidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 1(2):93-96.

Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis:

References:

Heterocharax macrolepis: piaba, tetra violeta, Sardinita, Viherkuultotetra

FISHBASE = https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Hyphessobrycon-scutulatus

INSTRUÇÃO NORMATIVA INTERMINISTERIAL N°1, DE 3 DE JANEIRO DE 2012. Diário Oficial da União – Seção I, Nº3, quarta-feira, 4 de janeiro de 2012, páginas 26 a 42 – ISSN 1677-7042 INI MPA-MMA (n01-2012 - Peixes Ornamentais Continentais.pdf)

Burt, A., D.L. Kramer, K. Nakatsuru and C. Spry, 1988. The tempo of reproduction in Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis (Characidae), with a discussion on the biology of 'multiple spawning' in fishes. Environ. Biol. Fish. 22(1):15-27.

Géry, J., 1977. Characoids of the world. Neptune City ; Reigate : T.F.H. [etc.]; 672 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 23 cm.

Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, C. Moreira et al. …, 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Lucena, C.A.S. and N.A. Menezes, 2003. Subfamily Characinae (Characins, tetras). p. 200-208. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Mattox, G.M.T., Britz, R., Toledo-Piza, M. & Marinho, M.M.F. (2013): Cyanogaster noctivaga, a remarkable new genus and species of miniature fish from the Rio Negro, Amazon basin (Ostariophysi: Characidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (4) [2012]: 297-318.

Moreira, C.R. 2007. Relações filogenéticas na ordem Characiformes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi). Tese de doutorado não publicada, Universidade de São Paulo, 468p.

Nelson, Joseph, S. (2006). Fishes of the World. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0-471-25031-7.; Buckup P.A.: "Relationships of the Characidiinae and phylogeny of characiform fishes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi)", Phylogeny and Classification of Neotropical Fishes, L.R. Malabarba, R.E. Reis, R.P. Vari, Z.M. Lucena, eds. (Porto Alegre: Edipucr) 1998:123-144.

Planquette, P., P. Keith and P.-Y. Le Bail, 1996. Atlas des poissons d'eau douce de Guyane. Tome 1. Collection du Patrimoine Naturel Volume 22, MNHN, Paris & INRA, Paris. 429 p.

Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p.  

Weitzman, M. and S.H. Weitzman, 2003. Lebiasinidae (Pencil fishes). p. 241-251. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Weitzman, S.H. and L. Palmer, 1997. A new species of Hyphessobrycon (Teleostei: Characidae) from Neblina region of Venezuela and Brazil, with comments on the putative 'rosy tetra clade'. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 7(3/4):209-242.

Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã,  Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin

Sale of Wild Ornamental Fish from the Amazon

Gnathocharax steindachneri: Piaba, Tetra-aruanã, Fliegensalmler, Arowana Tetra

Forest Water of the North - Celcoimbra - FAN OF ORNAMENTAL FISH - Carmen Coimbra

E C LOBATO COIMBRA - FAN DE PEIXE ORNAMENTAL

Sale of Wild Ornamental Fish from the Amazon

https://www.florestaaguadonorte.com.br/peixes-ornamentais-da-amazonia/ornamental-fish-of-the-amazon/

florestaaguadonorte@gmail.com

AMAZÔNIA - FLORESTA ÁGUA DO NORTE - FAN

#celcoimbra #carmencoimbra #fandepeixeornamental #florestaaguadonorte  #fish #ornamentalfish

 #elinorcoimbra #eclobatocoimbra #franciscocoimbra  #Characiformes #Lebiasinidae #Characidae  #Heterocharax #Heterocharaxmacrolepis  #Copella #Copellaarnoldi #Gnathocharax  #Gnathocharaxsteindachneri #Hemigrammus #Hemigrammusstictus  #Hyphessobrycon #Hyphessobryconcachimbensis   #Hyphessobryconcopelandi #Hyphessobryconeques #Hyphessobryconpulchripinnis  #Hyphessobryconscutulatus #Hyphessobryconvilmae #Moenkhausia  #Moenkhausiahasemani #Nannostomus  #Nannostomuslimatus #Paracheirodon #Paracheirodonaxelrodi  #Paracheirodoninnesi #Acestrorhynchidae

Hyphessobrycon copelandi, tetra botafoguinho, tetra pena, Federsalmler, Feather tetra

CLIQUE AQUI! COMPRE NOSSO E-BOOK!
VENDA DISPONÍVEL NA AMAZON.COM
COLEÇÃO: AMAZÔNIA, O MUNDO DAS MULHERES DO NORTE

WAWATU DA AMAZÔNIA 

 

      Na Amazônia, do século XIX, devido à cobiça pela borracha, Wawatu, cunhatã do clã Aruak, tem sua aldeia dizimada por brancos. Apesar de ser forçada a viajar para um local desconhecido, casar-se com guerreiro de origem Karib e sofrer com as diferenças de costumes de seus familiares, ela se apaixona.

MAIS DE 100 PÁGINAS DE PURA EMOÇÃO!