Identification key for species of Hemigrammus stictus:

Hemigrammus stictus Durbin, 1909

1 ”- Teeth always spit, bulky or compressed ...........................................23
23 ”- Dental teeth in a single series; pre-maxillary teeth in two rows (except for Creagrutus spp., and Bryconops alburnoides, which also have 3 rows); non-continuous orbital ring, in most cases without the supraorbital bone, in the few cases in which it is present, not contacting the antorbital bone and / or the sixth infraorbital bone .......................................................................31
31 ”- Infraorbital series usually incomplete, supraorbital, when not absent, not in contact with the other bones of the orbital series, causing the frontal bone to participate in the delimitation of the orbit; body from tall to elongated, typically showing dark marks (humeral stain, pigmentation of the caudal fin), not resembling specimens of the order Clupeiformes ..............................33
33 - Tall to elongated body, typically more than 25% in standard length (except Bryconops spp. And Aphyocharaxspp.); compressed or bulky teeth, but never pedicellated (i.e., without a base / nail, “crown” directly implanted in the mandibular bones); gill membranes free from each other and attached to the isthmus; dorsal fin typically at mid-body height (except in Chrysobryconsp.) .........................................................................................38
38 ”- Pseudotympanum present or absent; humeral spot usually present; tapered, tricuspid or multicuspid teeth, in the latter case, generally not compressed (ie, bulky) and quite differentiated in size, gradually smaller from the symphysis (species with compressed teeth and similar size that follow from this step, such as Jupiaba acanthogaster , does not have a pseudotympanum) .........................................................................................47
47 ”- Two series of teeth in the premaxilla (except Hyphessobrycon megalopterus, H. sweglesi,‘ Cheirodon ”troenmerie Petitella georgiae); complete or incomplete lateral line ..............................................................60
60 ”- Pseudotympanum generally absent, when present is not conspicuous (except in some species of Hyphessobrycon); little or nothing translucent body in life; colored typically more diverse than described above ............................................................................................................................64
64 ”- Short to medium maxillary bone, typically not reaching the contact region of the second and third infraorbital bones, and without pronounced curvature in the anterior region .....................................................................70
70 ”- Typically 5 or more teeth in the internal series of the premaxilla; typically 9 branched rays on the dorsal fin; body from elongated to high ...............81
81 ”- Incomplete lateral line ...........................................................................126
126 ”- Lower lobe of the caudal fin of the same size as the upper lobe, without dark band; anal fin typically with more than 15 branched rays, anal fin lobe always less than the length of the base of the fin (except Hemigrammys hyanuarye H. analis) .......................................................................................128
128 ”- Dorsal fin without large spot, typically hyaline .................................137
137 ”- Caudal fin without spots in the caudal lobes ....................................140
140 ”- Humeral stain, when present, only (except Hemigrammussp.“ False lunatus ”, which has two stains, but does not stain the caudal peduncle / caudal fin); dark spot on the caudal peduncle present or absent ...............143
143 ”- Black spot on the caudal peduncle and / or caudal fin missing ......150
150 ’- Large humeral stain, rounded, recessed back, i.e., at the height of the fifth to eighth scales; caudal peduncle and red caudal fin in life (whitened in preserved specimens) ..................................................Hemigrammus stictus

Hemigrammus stictus, Red Base Tetra, Half Red Tetra

Hemigrammus stictus Durbin, 1909

According to FISHBASE:

Kingdom = Animalia ; Phylum = Chordata ; Class = Actinopterygii ; Order = Characiformes ; Family = Characidae ; Genus =
  Hemigrammus.

Distribution: South America: Amazon and Negro River basins, Orinoco River basin, and coastal rivers in Guyana.

Size - Maximum Length: 4,3 cm.

Synonyms: Hemigrammus stictus, Hyphessobrycon stictus.

Common name of Hemigrammus stictus: Tetra Stictus (Brasil); Blutschwanzsalmler, Red Base Tetra, Half Red Tetra (EUA).

Hemigrammus stictus, Red Base Tetra, Half Red Tetra

Reference: Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, C. Moreira et al. …, 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. 

Hemigrammus stictus, Red Base Tetra, Half Red Tetra

Hemigrammus stictus, Red Base Tetra, Half Red Tetra

Hemigrammus stictus, Red Base Tetra, Half Red Tetra

Hemigrammus stictus, Red Base Tetra, Half Red Tetra

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Get to know other species by clicking on the links below:

Characiformes (Order)

Cichlidae (Family)

Crenicichla (Genus) - Pike Cichlid

Geophagus (Genus)

Loricariidae (Family) - Plecos

Symphysodon discus (Varieties) - Wild Discus

Ornamental Fish from the Amazon

Hemigrammus stictus, Red Base Tetra, Half Red Tetra

References:

Heterocharax macrolepis: piaba, tetra violeta, Sardinita, Viherkuultotetra

FISHBASE = https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Hemigrammus-stictus

INSTRUÇÃO NORMATIVA INTERMINISTERIAL N°1, DE 3 DE JANEIRO DE 2012. Diário Oficial da União – Seção I, Nº3, quarta-feira, 4 de janeiro de 2012, páginas 26 a 42 – ISSN 1677-7042 INI MPA-MMA (n01-2012 - Peixes Ornamentais Continentais.pdf)

Burt, A., D.L. Kramer, K. Nakatsuru and C. Spry, 1988. The tempo of reproduction in Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis (Characidae), with a discussion on the biology of 'multiple spawning' in fishes. Environ. Biol. Fish. 22(1):15-27.

Géry, J., 1977. Characoids of the world. Neptune City ; Reigate : T.F.H. [etc.]; 672 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 23 cm.

Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, C. Moreira et al. …, 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Lucena, C.A.S. and N.A. Menezes, 2003. Subfamily Characinae (Characins, tetras). p. 200-208. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Mattox, G.M.T., Britz, R., Toledo-Piza, M. & Marinho, M.M.F. (2013): Cyanogaster noctivaga, a remarkable new genus and species of miniature fish from the Rio Negro, Amazon basin (Ostariophysi: Characidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (4) [2012]: 297-318.

Moreira, C.R. 2007. Relações filogenéticas na ordem Characiformes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi). Tese de doutorado não publicada, Universidade de São Paulo, 468p.

Nelson, Joseph, S. (2006). Fishes of the World. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0-471-25031-7.; Buckup P.A.: "Relationships of the Characidiinae and phylogeny of characiform fishes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi)", Phylogeny and Classification of Neotropical Fishes, L.R. Malabarba, R.E. Reis, R.P. Vari, Z.M. Lucena, eds. (Porto Alegre: Edipucr) 1998:123-144.

Planquette, P., P. Keith and P.-Y. Le Bail, 1996. Atlas des poissons d'eau douce de Guyane. Tome 1. Collection du Patrimoine Naturel Volume 22, MNHN, Paris & INRA, Paris. 429 p.

Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p.  

Weitzman, M. and S.H. Weitzman, 2003. Lebiasinidae (Pencil fishes). p. 241-251. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Weitzman, S.H. and L. Palmer, 1997. A new species of Hyphessobrycon (Teleostei: Characidae) from Neblina region of Venezuela and Brazil, with comments on the putative 'rosy tetra clade'. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 7(3/4):209-242.

Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã,  Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin

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Gnathocharax steindachneri: Piaba, Tetra-aruanã, Fliegensalmler, Arowana Tetra

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 #elinorcoimbra #eclobatocoimbra #franciscocoimbra  #Characiformes #Lebiasinidae #Characidae  #Heterocharax #Heterocharaxmacrolepis  #Copella #Copellaarnoldi #Gnathocharax  #Gnathocharaxsteindachneri #Hemigrammus #Hemigrammusstictus  #Hyphessobrycon #Hyphessobryconcachimbensis   #Hyphessobryconcopelandi #Hyphessobryconeques #Hyphessobryconpulchripinnis  #Hyphessobryconscutulatus #Hyphessobryconvilmae #Moenkhausia  #Moenkhausiahasemani #Nannostomus  #Nannostomuslimatus #Paracheirodon #Paracheirodonaxelrodi  #Paracheirodoninnesi #Acestrorhynchidae

Hyphessobrycon copelandi, tetra botafoguinho, tetra pena, Federsalmler, Feather tetra

VENDA DE PEIXES ORNAMENTAIS DA AMAZÔNIA      ENGLISHSymphysodon discus - Wild Discus

Existem centenas de espécies e variações de peixes amazônico ornamentais.

Conheça algumas dessas espécies clicando em cima dos links:

 

Astronotus ocellatus - Acará-açu

Acarichthys heckelii - Acarazinho Requeu

 

Apistogramma (Gênero) - Acará Anão

Apistogramma agassizii

Apistogramma bitaeniata

Apistogramma eunotus

Apistogramma hippolytae

Apistogramma pertensis

Apistogramma taeniata

 

Biotodoma cupido - Acará Salema

Biotecus opercularis - Acará Saracá

Caquetaia spectabilis - Acará Pérola

 

Characiformes (Ordem)

Carnegiella (Gênero Peixe-borboleta)

Carnegiella marthae - Peixe-borboleta-prateada

Carnegiella schereri - Peixe-borboleta-de-pontos

Carnegiella strigata - Peixe-borboleta-listrada

Chalceus (Gênero) - Peixe Araripirá

Chalceus erythrurus - Peixe Rabo de Fogo

Chalceus macrolepidotus - Peixe Arari Vermelho

Copella arnoldi - Peixe Piratantã

Gnathocharax steindachneri - Tetra-aruanã

Hemigrammus bleheri - Rodostomus

Hemigrammus stictus - Tetra Stictus

Hemiodus gracilis - Cruzeiro-do-Sul

Heterocharax macrolepis - Tetra Violeta

Hyphessobrycon cachimbensis - Tetra Cachimbo

Hyphessobrycon copelandi - Tetra Pena

Hyphessobrycon eque - Tetra Mato Grosso

Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis - Tetra Limão

Hyphessobrycon scutulatus - Tetra Ouro

Hyphessobrycon vilmae - Neon Chocolate

Leporinus fasciatu - Piau-flamengo

Nannostomus eque - Peixe-lápis Marrom

Nannostomus unifasciatus - Peixe-lápis 1 linha

Paracheirodon axelrodi - Tetra Cardinal

Paracheirodon innesi - Tetra Neon

 

Colomesus asellus - Baiacu Amazônico

 

Crenicichla (Gênero) - Jacundás

Crenicichla acutirostris - Jacundá Flamengo

Crenicichla johanna - Jacundá Olho de Fogo

Crenicichla lugubris - Jacundá Vermelho

Crenicichla macrophthalma  - Jacundá Olhudo

Crenicichla marmorata - Jacundá de Mármore

Crenicichla regani - Jacundá de Folha

Crenicichla stocki - Jacundá da Linha Branca

Crenicichla strigata - Jacunda Riscado

Crenicichla vittata - Jacundá Banana

 

Dicrossus maculatus - Xadrezinho

 

Geophagus (Gênero) - Chaperema

Geophagus altifrons - Chaperema Amarelo

Geophagus megasema - Chaperema Vermelho

Geophagus proximus - Chaperema Mancha de Olho

 

Heros (Gênero) - Acará Severo

Heros efasciatus - Acará Severo

Heros notatus - Acará Severo de Pontos

Heros severus - Acará Severo Peba

 

Laetacara curvicep - Acara curviceps

 

Loricariidae (Família) - Plecos

Baryancistrus sp. "L142" - Acari Bola Branca  "LDA 33"

Farlowella amazona - Peixe Galho

Hemiancistrus sabaji "L075" - Acari Tigre de Bola

Hemiancistrus snethlageae "L141" - Acari Aba Branca

Hypancistrus sp. "L260" - Acari Pão

Hypancistrus sp. "L262" - Acari Pão Pigmentado

Hypancistrus sp. "L333" - Acari Pão Alenquer

Hypancistrus zebra - Acari Zebra

Hypostomus soniai "L137" - Acari Violeta

Leporacanthicus joselimai "L264" - Acari Onça

Panaque armbrusteri "L027" - Acari Boi de Bota

Panaque sp "L271" - Acari Cara de Pão

Peckoltia compta "L134" - Acari Picota Ouro

Peckoltia vittata  "L015" - Acari Teoro

Pseudacanthicus sp. "L097" - AcarI Assacu

Pseudacanthicus sp. "L273" - Acari Red Titanic

Pseudacanthicus sp. "L273" - Acari Yellow Titanic

Pseudancistrus sp. "L259" - Acari Cara Chata

Scobinancistrus pariolispos "L133" - Acari Cotia

Spectracanthicus murinus - Acari Bicudo

 

Mesonauta festivus - Acará Festivo

Monocirrhus polyacanthus - Peixe Folha

Pterophyllum scalare - Acará Bandeira

Retroculus xinguensis - Acará Xinguensis

 

Satanoperca - Acará Porquinho

Satanoperca acuticeps - Acará 5 Pontos

Satanoperca jurupari - Acará Jurupari

Satanoperca lilith - Acará 3 Pontos

Satanoperca pappaterra - Acarazinho

 

Symphysodon aequifasciatus - Acará Disco

Symphysodon discus (Variedades) - Acará Disco

Symphysodon discus - BARRA MANSA

Symphysodon discus - BLUE FACE

Symphysodon discus - BROWN

Symphysodon discus - CUIPEUA

Symphysodon discus - CURUÁ

Symphysodon discus - GRAY GREEN

Symphysodon discus - HECKEL

Symphysodon discus - INANU

Symphysodon discus - LAGO GRANDE

Symphysodon discus - NHAMUNDÁ

Symphysodon discus - MIX

Symphysodon discus - ORANGE LAGO GRANDE

Symphysodon discus - ROYAL

Symphysodon discus - SEMIROYAL

Symphysodon discus - SOLID

 

Taeniacara candidi - Torpedinho

 Teleocichla proselytus - Jacundá da Pedra

Uaru amphiacanthoides - Acará Baru

Symphysodon discus - Wild Discus

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