Description of the genus Copella
 
Copella can be easily distinguished from other genera of the Lebiasinidae by having the anterior portion of the maxilla triple curved in males, and by males being distinctly longer than females. Additionally, Copella is distinguished from other genera of the family, except Nannostomus, by having anterior and posterior nares distant from each other. It is distinguished from Nannostomus by having a black spot on the dorsal fin, elongate fins, especially on males, and upturned mouth.
 
Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã,  Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin
 
Description of the species Copella arnoldi
 
Copella arnoldi Regan, 1912
 
Copella arnoldi can be distinguished from all congeners, except some specimens of Copella nattereri, by having the procurrent caudal-fin rays hyaline (vs. black). It can be distinguished from Copella nattereri by the absence of a black mark on each body scale (vs. presence). Additionally, it is distinguished from all congeners by having a pigmented area extending anterodorsally from ventral tip of the dentary to ventral portion of the eye (vs. absent). Some males of Copella arnoldi are unique among congeners in having brilliant white spots on scales of the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth longitudinal scale rows.
 
Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã,  Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin
 
Key to the species of Copella

1a. Procurrent caudal-fin rays hyaline; darkly pigmented area extending from posteroventral portion of dentary to ventral portion of eye; brilliant white spots usually present on body scales, in live or preserved male specimens …………......................................................................…….Copella arnoldi

1b. Procurrent caudal-fin rays black (except in some populations of Copella nattereri from the rio Negro); no dark pigmentation in the area extending from posteroventral portion of dentary to ventral portion of eye; white spots on body scales sometimes present in preserved species, spots red in life …2

2a. Middle caudal-fin rays dark ……………………………Copella eigenmanni

2b. Middle caudal-fin rays hyaline ………………........………………….3

3a. 15–19 predorsal scales; first longitudinal scale row with 14–18 scales; fourth longitudinal scale row with 24–28 scales; clear spots (red in life) absent on posterior portion of body scales ….....................................4
.
3b. 12–14 predorsal scales; first longitudinal scale row with 11–14 scales; fourth longitudinal scale row with 20–24 scales; clear/white spots (red in life) present on posterior portion of body scales …................................…5

4a. Males with rows of conspicuous dark scales irregularly disposed on body, gradually lighter posteriorly; females and juveniles with brownish inconspicuous wide stripe on flank ………………..….Copella vilmae

4b. Males lacking dark scales irregularly disposed on body, bearing a faint longitudinal dark stripe on flank; females with a plain coloration, without longitudinal dark stripe on body ……………...…..........Copella compta

5a. Clear/white spots (red in life) on posterior portion of body scales, limited dorsally, posteriorly and ventrally by dark pigmentation which is frequently horseshoe shaped; longitudinal dark stripe, when present, formed by subjacent pigmentation …………..........................………Copella nattereri

5b. Clear/white spots (red in life) frequently restricted to fourth longitudinal scale row of body, not limited by dark pigmentation; longitudinal black stripe conspicuous, formed by superficial pigmentation, located below the row of clear spots ………………............................................……Copella callolepis 
 
Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã,  Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin
 

Copella arnoldi Regan, 1912

According to FISHBASE:

Kingdom = Animalia ; Phylum = Chordata ; Class = Actinopterygii ; Order = Characiformes ; Family = Lebiasinidae ; Genus =
  Copella.

Distribution: South America: lower Amazon, coastal Guianas to the mouth of the Orinoco River.

Size - Maximum Length: 3,4 cm.

Synonyms: Copella arnoldi, Copeina arnoldi.

Common name of Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã (Brasil); Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin (EUA).

Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã,  Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin

Reference: Weitzman, M. and S.H. Weitzman, 2003. Lebiasinidae (Pencil fishes). p. 241-251. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã,  Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin

Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã,  Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin

Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã,  Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin

Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã,  Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin

Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã,  Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin

Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã,  Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin

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Get to know other species by clicking on the links below:

Characiformes (Order)

Cichlidae (Family)

Crenicichla (Genus) - Pike Cichlid

Geophagus (Genus)

Loricariidae (Family) - Plecos

Symphysodon discus (Varieties) - Wild Discus

Ornamental Fish from the Amazon

Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã,  Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin

References:

Heterocharax macrolepis: piaba, tetra violeta, Sardinita, Viherkuultotetra

FISHBASE = https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Copella-arnoldi

INSTRUÇÃO NORMATIVA INTERMINISTERIAL N°1, DE 3 DE JANEIRO DE 2012. Diário Oficial da União – Seção I, Nº3, quarta-feira, 4 de janeiro de 2012, páginas 26 a 42 – ISSN 1677-7042 INI MPA-MMA (n01-2012 - Peixes Ornamentais Continentais.pdf)

Burt, A., D.L. Kramer, K. Nakatsuru and C. Spry, 1988. The tempo of reproduction in Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis (Characidae), with a discussion on the biology of 'multiple spawning' in fishes. Environ. Biol. Fish. 22(1):15-27.

Géry, J., 1977. Characoids of the world. Neptune City ; Reigate : T.F.H. [etc.]; 672 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 23 cm.

Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, C. Moreira et al. …, 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Lucena, C.A.S. and N.A. Menezes, 2003. Subfamily Characinae (Characins, tetras). p. 200-208. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Mattox, G.M.T., Britz, R., Toledo-Piza, M. & Marinho, M.M.F. (2013): Cyanogaster noctivaga, a remarkable new genus and species of miniature fish from the Rio Negro, Amazon basin (Ostariophysi: Characidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (4) [2012]: 297-318.

Moreira, C.R. 2007. Relações filogenéticas na ordem Characiformes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi). Tese de doutorado não publicada, Universidade de São Paulo, 468p.

Nelson, Joseph, S. (2006). Fishes of the World. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0-471-25031-7.; Buckup P.A.: "Relationships of the Characidiinae and phylogeny of characiform fishes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi)", Phylogeny and Classification of Neotropical Fishes, L.R. Malabarba, R.E. Reis, R.P. Vari, Z.M. Lucena, eds. (Porto Alegre: Edipucr) 1998:123-144.

Planquette, P., P. Keith and P.-Y. Le Bail, 1996. Atlas des poissons d'eau douce de Guyane. Tome 1. Collection du Patrimoine Naturel Volume 22, MNHN, Paris & INRA, Paris. 429 p.

Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p.  

Weitzman, M. and S.H. Weitzman, 2003. Lebiasinidae (Pencil fishes). p. 241-251. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Weitzman, S.H. and L. Palmer, 1997. A new species of Hyphessobrycon (Teleostei: Characidae) from Neblina region of Venezuela and Brazil, with comments on the putative 'rosy tetra clade'. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 7(3/4):209-242.

Copella arnoldi: Copella, Piratantã,  Splash Tetra, Jumping Characin

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Gnathocharax steindachneri: Piaba, Tetra-aruanã, Fliegensalmler, Arowana Tetra

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AMAZÔNIA - FLORESTA ÁGUA DO NORTE - FAN

#celcoimbra #carmencoimbra #fandepeixeornamental #florestaaguadonorte  #fish #ornamentalfish

 #elinorcoimbra #eclobatocoimbra #franciscocoimbra  #Characiformes #Lebiasinidae #Characidae  #Heterocharax #Heterocharaxmacrolepis  #Copella #Copellaarnoldi #Gnathocharax  #Gnathocharaxsteindachneri #Hemigrammus #Hemigrammusstictus  #Hyphessobrycon #Hyphessobryconcachimbensis   #Hyphessobryconcopelandi #Hyphessobryconeques #Hyphessobryconpulchripinnis  #Hyphessobryconscutulatus #Hyphessobryconvilmae #Moenkhausia  #Moenkhausiahasemani #Nannostomus  #Nannostomuslimatus #Paracheirodon #Paracheirodonaxelrodi  #Paracheirodoninnesi #Acestrorhynchidae

Hyphessobrycon copelandi, tetra botafoguinho, tetra pena, Federsalmler, Feather tetra

VENDA DE PEIXES ORNAMENTAIS DA AMAZÔNIA      ENGLISHSymphysodon discus - Wild Discus

Existem centenas de espécies e variações de peixes amazônico ornamentais.

Conheça algumas dessas espécies clicando em cima dos links:

 

Astronotus ocellatus - Acará-açu

Acarichthys heckelii - Acarazinho Requeu

 

Apistogramma (Gênero) - Acará Anão

Apistogramma agassizii

Apistogramma bitaeniata

Apistogramma eunotus

Apistogramma hippolytae

Apistogramma pertensis

Apistogramma taeniata

 

Biotodoma cupido - Acará Salema

Biotecus opercularis - Acará Saracá

Caquetaia spectabilis - Acará Pérola

 

Characiformes (Ordem)

Carnegiella (Gênero Peixe-borboleta)

Carnegiella marthae - Peixe-borboleta-prateada

Carnegiella schereri - Peixe-borboleta-de-pontos

Carnegiella strigata - Peixe-borboleta-listrada

Chalceus (Gênero) - Peixe Araripirá

Chalceus erythrurus - Peixe Rabo de Fogo

Chalceus macrolepidotus - Peixe Arari Vermelho

Copella arnoldi - Peixe Piratantã

Gnathocharax steindachneri - Tetra-aruanã

Hemigrammus bleheri - Rodostomus

Hemigrammus stictus - Tetra Stictus

Hemiodus gracilis - Cruzeiro-do-Sul

Heterocharax macrolepis - Tetra Violeta

Hyphessobrycon cachimbensis - Tetra Cachimbo

Hyphessobrycon copelandi - Tetra Pena

Hyphessobrycon eque - Tetra Mato Grosso

Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis - Tetra Limão

Hyphessobrycon scutulatus - Tetra Ouro

Hyphessobrycon vilmae - Neon Chocolate

Leporinus fasciatu - Piau-flamengo

Nannostomus eque - Peixe-lápis Marrom

Nannostomus unifasciatus - Peixe-lápis 1 linha

Paracheirodon axelrodi - Tetra Cardinal

Paracheirodon innesi - Tetra Neon

 

Colomesus asellus - Baiacu Amazônico

 

Crenicichla (Gênero) - Jacundás

Crenicichla acutirostris - Jacundá Flamengo

Crenicichla johanna - Jacundá Olho de Fogo

Crenicichla lugubris - Jacundá Vermelho

Crenicichla macrophthalma  - Jacundá Olhudo

Crenicichla marmorata - Jacundá de Mármore

Crenicichla regani - Jacundá de Folha

Crenicichla stocki - Jacundá da Linha Branca

Crenicichla strigata - Jacunda Riscado

Crenicichla vittata - Jacundá Banana

 

Dicrossus maculatus - Xadrezinho

 

Geophagus (Gênero) - Chaperema

Geophagus altifrons - Chaperema Amarelo

Geophagus megasema - Chaperema Vermelho

Geophagus proximus - Chaperema Mancha de Olho

 

Heros (Gênero) - Acará Severo

Heros efasciatus - Acará Severo

Heros notatus - Acará Severo de Pontos

Heros severus - Acará Severo Peba

 

Laetacara curvicep - Acara curviceps

 

Loricariidae (Família) - Plecos

Baryancistrus sp. "L142" - Acari Bola Branca  "LDA 33"

Farlowella amazona - Peixe Galho

Hemiancistrus sabaji "L075" - Acari Tigre de Bola

Hemiancistrus snethlageae "L141" - Acari Aba Branca

Hypancistrus sp. "L260" - Acari Pão

Hypancistrus sp. "L262" - Acari Pão Pigmentado

Hypancistrus sp. "L333" - Acari Pão Alenquer

Hypancistrus zebra - Acari Zebra

Hypostomus soniai "L137" - Acari Violeta

Leporacanthicus joselimai "L264" - Acari Onça

Panaque armbrusteri "L027" - Acari Boi de Bota

Panaque sp "L271" - Acari Cara de Pão

Peckoltia compta "L134" - Acari Picota Ouro

Peckoltia vittata  "L015" - Acari Teoro

Pseudacanthicus sp. "L097" - AcarI Assacu

Pseudacanthicus sp. "L273" - Acari Red Titanic

Pseudacanthicus sp. "L273" - Acari Yellow Titanic

Pseudancistrus sp. "L259" - Acari Cara Chata

Scobinancistrus pariolispos "L133" - Acari Cotia

Spectracanthicus murinus - Acari Bicudo

 

Mesonauta festivus - Acará Festivo

Monocirrhus polyacanthus - Peixe Folha

Pterophyllum scalare - Acará Bandeira

Retroculus xinguensis - Acará Xinguensis

 

Satanoperca - Acará Porquinho

Satanoperca acuticeps - Acará 5 Pontos

Satanoperca jurupari - Acará Jurupari

Satanoperca lilith - Acará 3 Pontos

Satanoperca pappaterra - Acarazinho

 

Symphysodon aequifasciatus - Acará Disco

Symphysodon discus (Variedades) - Acará Disco

Symphysodon discus - BARRA MANSA

Symphysodon discus - BLUE FACE

Symphysodon discus - BROWN

Symphysodon discus - CUIPEUA

Symphysodon discus - CURUÁ

Symphysodon discus - GRAY GREEN

Symphysodon discus - HECKEL

Symphysodon discus - INANU

Symphysodon discus - LAGO GRANDE

Symphysodon discus - NHAMUNDÁ

Symphysodon discus - MIX

Symphysodon discus - ORANGE LAGO GRANDE

Symphysodon discus - ROYAL

Symphysodon discus - SEMIROYAL

Symphysodon discus - SOLID

 

Taeniacara candidi - Torpedinho

 Teleocichla proselytus - Jacundá da Pedra

Uaru amphiacanthoides - Acará Baru

Symphysodon discus - Wild Discus

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