Identification key for Carnegiella strigata:

1. Pectoral region strongly pronounced, pectoral fins elongated and positioned upwards ......................................................2

2. Absence of adipose fin .............................................3

3. Body with a marble aspect, with wide bands that extend from the kell to dorsum ....................................................Carnegiella strigata

Carnegiella strigata: Borboleta-Listrada, Borboleta-Pintada, Peixe-Machado, Peixe-Borboleta (Brasil) Marbled Hatchetfish

Description of the species Carnegiella strigata:
 
Carnegiella strigata Günther, 1864
 
The body of Carnegiella strigata varies from silver to golden brown, and is marked by four dark brown stripes, which give it a marbled appearance. The dorsal part shows a darker tone and a longitudinal yellow band that extends from the keel to the tail. This fish has tiny pelvic fins, short body and flattened laterally. From your region previous, keel-shaped, come out wide wing-like pectoral fins.
 
This species lives in shoals, whose habitat is dark water rivers or flooded shaded areas.
 
It is an omnivorous fish, but the shape of its mouth only allows it to eat food on the surface of the water.
 
His average size as an adult is 5 cm.
 
Carnegiella strigata: Borboleta-Listrada, Borboleta-Pintada, Peixe-Machado, Peixe-Borboleta (Brasil) Marbled Hatchetfish
 
Géry separated Carnegiella strigata into two morphotypes: strigata and fasciata.
 
Carnegiella strigata, type strigata, has an elongated body, has 25 to 30 rays in the anal fin, has the third body stripe divided  from the edge  up to the chest.
 
Carnegiella fasciata,-type strigata, has the tallest body, with 26 to 32 rays in the anal fin, and has the third undivided body stripe before the base of the pectoral fin.
 
Carnegiella strigata: Borboleta-Listrada, Borboleta-Pintada, Peixe-Machado, Peixe-Borboleta (Brasil) Marbled Hatchetfish
 

Carnegiella strigata Günther, 1864

According to FISHBASE:

Kingdom = Animalia ; Phylum = Chordata ; Class = Actinopterygii ; Order = Characiformes ; Family = Gasteropelecidae ; Genus =
  Carnegiella.

Distribution: South America: Lower, middle and upper Amazon River basin; south of Amazon; and Caqueta River in Colombia.

Size - Maximum Length: 3,5 cm.

Synonyms: Carnegiella strigata, Gasteropelecus strigatus, Carnegiella strigata strigata, Gasteropelecus fasciatus, Carnegiella strigata fasciata, Carnegiella strigata vesca, Carnegiella strigata surinamensis, Carnegiella strigata marowini, Carnegiella vesca.

Common name of Carnegiella strigata: Borboleta-Listrada, Borboleta-Pintada, Peixe-Machado, Peixe-Borboleta (Brasil) Marbled Hatchetfish (EUA).
  

Carnegiella strigata: Borboleta-Listrada, Borboleta-Pintada, Peixe-Machado, Peixe-Borboleta (Brasil) Marbled Hatchetfish

Reference: Géry, J., 1977. Characoids of the world. Neptune City ; Reigate : T.F.H. [etc.]; 672 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 23 cm.

Carnegiella strigata: Borboleta-Listrada, Borboleta-Pintada, Peixe-Machado, Peixe-Borboleta (Brasil) Marbled Hatchetfish

References:

Heterocharax macrolepis: piaba, tetra violeta, Sardinita, Viherkuultotetra

FISHBASE = https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Carnegiella-strigata

INSTRUÇÃO NORMATIVA INTERMINISTERIAL N°1, DE 3 DE JANEIRO DE 2012. Diário Oficial da União – Seção I, Nº3, quarta-feira, 4 de janeiro de 2012, páginas 26 a 42 – ISSN 1677-7042 INI MPA-MMA (n01-2012 - Peixes Ornamentais Continentais.pdf)

Burt, A., D.L. Kramer, K. Nakatsuru and C. Spry, 1988. The tempo of reproduction in Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis (Characidae), with a discussion on the biology of 'multiple spawning' in fishes. Environ. Biol. Fish. 22(1):15-27.

Géry, J., 1977. Characoids of the world. Neptune City ; Reigate : T.F.H. [etc.]; 672 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 23 cm.

Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, C. Moreira et al. …, 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Lucena, C.A.S. and N.A. Menezes, 2003. Subfamily Characinae (Characins, tetras). p. 200-208. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Mattox, G.M.T., Britz, R., Toledo-Piza, M. & Marinho, M.M.F. (2013): Cyanogaster noctivaga, a remarkable new genus and species of miniature fish from the Rio Negro, Amazon basin (Ostariophysi: Characidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (4) [2012]: 297-318.

Moreira, C.R. 2007. Relações filogenéticas na ordem Characiformes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi). Tese de doutorado não publicada, Universidade de São Paulo, 468p.

Nelson, Joseph, S. (2006). Fishes of the World. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0-471-25031-7.; Buckup P.A.: "Relationships of the Characidiinae and phylogeny of characiform fishes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi)", Phylogeny and Classification of Neotropical Fishes, L.R. Malabarba, R.E. Reis, R.P. Vari, Z.M. Lucena, eds. (Porto Alegre: Edipucr) 1998:123-144.

Planquette, P., P. Keith and P.-Y. Le Bail, 1996. Atlas des poissons d'eau douce de Guyane. Tome 1. Collection du Patrimoine Naturel Volume 22, MNHN, Paris & INRA, Paris. 429 p.

Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p.  

Weitzman, M. and S.H. Weitzman, 2003. Lebiasinidae (Pencil fishes). p. 241-251. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Weitzman, S.H. and L. Palmer, 1997. A new species of Hyphessobrycon (Teleostei: Characidae) from Neblina region of Venezuela and Brazil, with comments on the putative 'rosy tetra clade'. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 7(3/4):209-242.

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