There are hundreds of variations of wild discus.

Know some types of wild discus by clicking on the links:

Symphysodon discus - BARRA MANSA

Symphysodon discus - BLUE FACE

Symphysodon discus - BROWN

Symphysodon discus - CUIPEUA

Symphysodon discus - CURUÁ

Symphysodon discus - GRAY GREEN

Symphysodon discus - HECKEL

Symphysodon discus - INANU

Symphysodon discus - LAGO GRANDE

Symphysodon discus - NHAMUNDÁ

Symphysodon discus - MIX

Symphysodon discus - ORANGE LAGO GRANDE

Symphysodon discus - ROYAL

Symphysodon discus - SEMIROYAL

Symphysodon discus - SOLID

Wild discus are fish that live in small shoals. They are separated in pairs only at the time of reproduction, usually between the months of January and February. In nature, in the period of reproduction, the wild discus become aggressive, thin and ugly. They protect the eggs and nourish the puppies with the mucus of the body itself. It is common to find them in pairs in the stumps of the bushes of the flooded forests. In this period, if they are caught, they end up falling ill and can hardly recover. So during the playback of the wild discus, they are not disturbed by the fishermen. In February the water of the rivers has already risen a lot, and the discus and their cubs disappear in the flooded forest. For this reason, the harvest of the wild discus is only taken between the months of August to December.

Symphysodon discus

Key of Identification of Wild Discus - Symphysodon discus


1 "- Absence of a dark spot on the posterior extremity of the operculum ......................................................................................................... 3

3 "- Arrangement of the" American "type of lips, that is, the skin of the tooth is folded over that of the posterior end of the premaxilla ......... 6

6 "- More than a series of teeth in the jaws, all moving (depressible) teeth .......................................................................................................... 7

7 "- First branchial arch with short and less numerous traces (40 or less traces) ...............................................................................................9

9 "- Scales of the lateral line with a sensorial channel .............. 11

11 "- Absence of a well developed lobe in the first branchial arch .......................................................................................................... 19

19 '- Forty or more scales in series E1 ......................................... 20

20 '- Body high and strongly compressed, in disk format; six or more spines in the anal fin .................................................................................. 21

21 '- Vertical band in the center of the body well evident and wider than the other bands of flanks ........................................... Symphysodon discus

Reference: QUEIROZ, L. J.; VILARA, G. T.; OHARA, W. M.; PIRES, T. H. S.;. ZUANON, J.; DORIA, C. R. C. Peixes do Rio MadeiraVolume I, 2013

Symphysodon discus


Symphysodon discus

Reference:

FISHBASE = https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Symphysodon-discus

INSTRUÇÃO NORMATIVA INTERMINISTERIAL N°1, DE 3 DE JANEIRO DE 2012. Diário Oficial da União – Seção I, Nº3, quarta-feira, 4 de janeiro de 2012, páginas 26 a 42 – ISSN 1677-7042 INI MPA-MMA (n01-2012 - Peixes Ornamentais Continentais.pdf)

Barriga, R. 1991 Peces de agua dulce del Ecuador. Revista de Informacion tecnico-cientifica, Quito, Ecuador, Politecnica, XVI(3):7-88

Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl 1995 Aquarien Atlas. Band 4. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Verlag für Natur- und Heimtierkunde, Melle, Germany. 864p.

Buckup, P. A., & Santos, G. M. 2010. Ictiofauna da Ecorregião Xingu-Tapajós: fatos e perspectivas. Boletim da Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia, 98, 3-9.

Camargo, M., Giarrizzo, T., & Carvalho Júnior, J. 2005. Levantamento ecológico rápido da fauna ictica de tributários do Médio-baixo Tapajós e Curuá. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, 1(2), 213-231

ICMBIO Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade. Levantamento da Ictiofauna, Caracterização Genética e da Fauna Parasitária da bacia hidrográfica do rio Tapajós. 2011

Fernández-Yépez, A. 1969. Contribucion al conocimiento de los cichlidos. Evências, 22: 1-16.

Kullander, S. O. 1986. Cichlid fishes of the Amazon River drainage of Peru. Swedish Museum of Natural History. Stockholm, Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 431p.

Kullander, S. O. 1998. A phylogeny and classification of the South American Cichlidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Pp. 461-498. In: L. R. Malabarba, R. E. Reis, R. P. Vari, Z. M. S. Lucena & C. A. S. Lucena (Eds.). Phylogeny and classification of Neotropical fishes. Porto Alegre, Edipucrs, 603p.

Symphysodon discus

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Symphysodon discus

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