Nhamundá - Symphysodon discus - Wild Discus
The Nhamundá River is a Brazilian river that bathes the states of Roraima, Amazonas and Pará. It is the main navigation route between the cities of Nhamundá (AM), Faro (PA) and Terra Santa (PA). Its source is located in the Serra de Acarai, on the border between Brazil and Guyana. The river is approximately 296 km long, dark and calm. The Nhamundá River forms several waterfalls located in the Nhamundá-Mapuera indigenous area, passes through the Mirror Mountain range and flows into the Amazon River near the city of Juruti (PA). The Nhamundá River is famous for harboring the most beautiful wild blue discs.
Wild discus are fish that live in small shoals. They separate themselves in pairs only at the time of reproduction, usually between the months of January and February. In nature, in times of piracema, the discus become aggressive, thin and ugly. They protect the eggs and nourish the puppies with the mucus of the body itself. It is common to find them in pairs in the stumps of the bushes of the flooded forests. In this period, if they are caught, they end up falling ill and can hardly recover. So during the playback of the wild discus, they are not disturbed by the fishermen. In February the water of the rivers has already risen a lot, and the wild discus and their pups disappear in the flooded forest. For this reason, the harvest of discus takes place only during the dry season, between August and December.
In nature, wild discus may have red, yellow, or black eyes. They can show the outline of the face rounded or sharp. They may present with a smooth body or full of bluish or whitish streaks. The color of the body can be yellow, orange, brown, gray or blue. The dorsal fin may vary in coloration from red, orange, black and blue. The skin color of the wild discus can be modified or intensified according to the dye added in the ration it feeds.
The value of the wild discus increases if it has red eyes and no beak. Some photographers conceal the mouth of the fish discus by hand to cover up the imperfection of the beak.
If the fish is stressed, it darkens their 9 vertical lists and also darkens the body and retracts. When you go to choose a wild discus to buy, prefer what comes to you. He is probably young, friendly, adapted to the life of the aquarium and is asking for food.
When a fisherman catches a lot of wild discus, he normally stores in boxes of 200 fish, among which he will discard only those marked by bites, large eyes and the diseased ones. In this lot, probably only 10 wild discus will have red eyes, your mouth will not form a beak and your body will be full of stretch marks - royal. So unless you're getting the fish for reprodution, you'd better buy a small group of 6-10 more simple variety.
In the company FAN DE PEIXE ORNAMENTAL, wild fish, after receiving veterinary treatment, are placed in community aquariums that have cycled water. During the quarantine period, this water is added extract of "Aloe vera" and leaves of "Terminalia catappa". The juice of "Aloe vera", besides calming the fish, has healing action. The "Terminalia catappa" leaf makes the water turn yellow, but serves as a natural fungicide. In the quarantine period, fish learn to feed wich feed without dye. In the stores, the wild discus will receive dyes that in a few days will turn them into vibrant, beautiful animals. Its beauty can turn into different tonality, some dark, some lighter, depending on the variety of beta-carotene or seaweed dyes, or colored lighting in aquarium .
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