The Nhamundá River is a Brazilian river that bathes the states of Roraima, Amazonas and Pará. It is the main navigation route between the cities of Nhamundá (AM), Faro (PA) and Terra Santa (PA). Its source is located in the Serra de Acarai, on the border between Brazil and Guyana. The river is approximately 296 km long, dark and calm. The Nhamundá River forms several waterfalls located in the Nhamundá-Mapuera indigenous area, passes through the Mirror Mountain range and flows into the Amazon River near the city of Juruti (PA). The Nhamundá River is famous for harboring the most beautiful wild blue discs.

Wild discus are fish that live in small shoals. They separate themselves in pairs only at the time of reproduction, usually between the months of January and February. In nature, in times of piracema, the discus become aggressive, thin and ugly. They protect the eggs and nourish the puppies with the mucus of the body itself. It is common to find them in pairs in the stumps of the bushes of the flooded forests. In this period, if they are caught, they end up falling ill and can hardly recover. So during the playback of the wild discus, they are not disturbed by the fishermen. In February the water of the rivers has already risen a lot, and the wild discus and their pups disappear in the flooded forest. For this reason, the harvest of discus takes place only during the dry season, between August and December.

Symphysodon discus Heckel, 1840

In the company FAN DE PEIXE ORNAMENTAL, wild fish, after receiving veterinary treatment, are placed in community aquariums that have cycled water. During the quarantine period, this water is added  extract of "Aloe vera" and leaves of "Terminalia catappa". The juice of "Aloe vera", besides calming the fish, has healing action. The "Terminalia catappa" leaf makes the water turn yellow, but serves as a natural fungicide. In the quarantine period, fish learn to feed wich feed without dye. In the stores, the wild discus will receive dyes that in a few days will turn them into vibrant, beautiful animals. Its beauty can turn into different tonality, some dark, some lighter, depending on the variety of beta-carotene or seaweed dyes, or colored lighting in aquarium .

Symphysodon discus Heckel, 1840

Symphysodon discus Heckel, 1840 

According to FISHBASE:


Kingdom = Animalia ; Phylum = Chordata ; Class = Actinopterygii ; Perciformes ; Family = Cichlidae ; Genus =  Symphysodon.

Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin in Brazil, near the mouth of the Negro River, in the lower Abacaxis River, and in the lower Trombetas River.

Size - Maximum Length: 12.3 cm.

Synonyms: Symphysodon discus, Symphysodon discus willischwartzi.

Common name of Symphysodon discus: Acará disco, Discus, Red discus.

Symphysodon discus Heckel, 1840

Reference: Kullander, S.O., 1996. Eine weitere Übersicht der Diskusfische, Gattung Symphysodon Heckel. D. Aqu. U. Terr. Z., Sonderheft "Diskus".
Symphysodon discus Heckel, 1840
Symphysodon discus Heckel, 1840

Symphysodon discus

Reference:

FISHBASE = https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Symphysodon-discus

INSTRUÇÃO NORMATIVA INTERMINISTERIAL N°1, DE 3 DE JANEIRO DE 2012. Diário Oficial da União – Seção I, Nº3, quarta-feira, 4 de janeiro de 2012, páginas 26 a 42 – ISSN 1677-7042 INI MPA-MMA (n01-2012 - Peixes Ornamentais Continentais.pdf)

Barriga, R. 1991 Peces de agua dulce del Ecuador. Revista de Informacion tecnico-cientifica, Quito, Ecuador, Politecnica, XVI(3):7-88

Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl 1995 Aquarien Atlas. Band 4. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Verlag für Natur- und Heimtierkunde, Melle, Germany. 864p.

Buckup, P. A., & Santos, G. M. 2010. Ictiofauna da Ecorregião Xingu-Tapajós: fatos e perspectivas. Boletim da Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia, 98, 3-9.

Camargo, M., Giarrizzo, T., & Carvalho Júnior, J. 2005. Levantamento ecológico rápido da fauna ictica de tributários do Médio-baixo Tapajós e Curuá. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, 1(2), 213-231

ICMBIO Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade. Levantamento da Ictiofauna, Caracterização Genética e da Fauna Parasitária da bacia hidrográfica do rio Tapajós. 2011

Fernández-Yépez, A. 1969. Contribucion al conocimiento de los cichlidos. Evências, 22: 1-16.

Kullander, S. O. 1986. Cichlid fishes of the Amazon River drainage of Peru. Swedish Museum of Natural History. Stockholm, Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 431p.

Kullander, S. O. 1998. A phylogeny and classification of the South American Cichlidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Pp. 461-498. In: L. R. Malabarba, R. E. Reis, R. P. Vari, Z. M. S. Lucena & C. A. S. Lucena (Eds.). Phylogeny and classification of Neotropical fishes. Porto Alegre, Edipucrs, 603p.

Symphysodon discus

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Symphysodon discus

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