Wild discus fish may present themselves with very distinct characteristics and colors, but are considered of the same species becsause they reproduce among themselves and spawn fertile offspring. The so-called wild discus royal is rare and has its entire body covered with stretch marks. Wild discus semiroyal has striations on the sides of the disc, but in the center of the disc there are only traces of these striations. The so-called solid discus has the smooth disc with only a few striations on the head and flippers. When these fish have orange color they are called red. The orange color may turn red depending on the colorant added to your food.

In nature, wild discus may have red, yellow, or black eyes. They can show the outline of the face rounded or sharp. They may present with a smooth body or full of bluish or whitish streaks. The color of the body can be yellow, orange, brown, gray or blue. The dorsal fin may vary in coloration from red, orange, black and blue. The skin color of the wild discus can be modified or intensified according to the dye added in the ration it feeds.

Symphysodon discus

The value of the wild discus increases if it has red eyes and no beak. Some photographers conceal the mouth of the fish discus by hand to cover up the imperfection of the beak.

In the company FAN DE PEIXE ORNAMENTAL, wild fish, after receiving veterinary treatment, are placed in community aquariums that have cycled water. During the quarantine period, this water is added  extract of "Aloe vera" and leaves of "Terminalia catappa". The juice of "Aloe vera", besides calming the fish, has healing action. The "Terminalia catappa" leaf makes the water turn yellow, but serves as a natural fungicide. In the quarantine period, fish learn to feed wich feed without dye. In the stores, the wild discus will receive dyes that in a few days will turn them into vibrant, beautiful animals. Its beauty can turn into different tonality, some dark, some lighter, depending on the variety of beta-carotene or seaweed dyes, or colored lighting in aquarium .

Symphysodon discus Heckel, 1840

Symphysodon discus Heckel, 1840  

According to FISHBASE:

Kingdom = Animalia ; Phylum = Chordata ; Class = Actinopterygii ; Perciformes ; Family = Cichlidae ; Genus =
  Symphysodon.

Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin in Brazil, near the mouth of the Negro River, in the lower Abacaxis River, and in the lower Trombetas River.

Size - Maximum Length: 12.3 cm.

Synonyms: Symphysodon discus, Symphysodon discus willischwartzi.

Common name of Symphysodon discus: Acará disco, Discus, Red discus.


Symphysodon discus Heckel, 1840

Reference: Kullander, S.O., 1996. Eine weitere Übersicht der Diskusfische, Gattung Symphysodon Heckel. D. Aqu. U. Terr. Z., Sonderheft "Diskus".

Symphysodon discus

Symphysodon discus Heckel, 1840

Symphysodon discus
Symphysodon discus Heckel, 1840

Symphysodon discus

Reference:

FISHBASE = https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Symphysodon-discus

INSTRUÇÃO NORMATIVA INTERMINISTERIAL N°1, DE 3 DE JANEIRO DE 2012. Diário Oficial da União – Seção I, Nº3, quarta-feira, 4 de janeiro de 2012, páginas 26 a 42 – ISSN 1677-7042 INI MPA-MMA (n01-2012 - Peixes Ornamentais Continentais.pdf)

Barriga, R. 1991 Peces de agua dulce del Ecuador. Revista de Informacion tecnico-cientifica, Quito, Ecuador, Politecnica, XVI(3):7-88

Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl 1995 Aquarien Atlas. Band 4. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Verlag für Natur- und Heimtierkunde, Melle, Germany. 864p.

Buckup, P. A., & Santos, G. M. 2010. Ictiofauna da Ecorregião Xingu-Tapajós: fatos e perspectivas. Boletim da Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia, 98, 3-9.

Camargo, M., Giarrizzo, T., & Carvalho Júnior, J. 2005. Levantamento ecológico rápido da fauna ictica de tributários do Médio-baixo Tapajós e Curuá. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, 1(2), 213-231

ICMBIO Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade. Levantamento da Ictiofauna, Caracterização Genética e da Fauna Parasitária da bacia hidrográfica do rio Tapajós. 2011

Fernández-Yépez, A. 1969. Contribucion al conocimiento de los cichlidos. Evências, 22: 1-16.

Kullander, S. O. 1986. Cichlid fishes of the Amazon River drainage of Peru. Swedish Museum of Natural History. Stockholm, Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 431p.

Kullander, S. O. 1998. A phylogeny and classification of the South American Cichlidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Pp. 461-498. In: L. R. Malabarba, R. E. Reis, R. P. Vari, Z. M. S. Lucena & C. A. S. Lucena (Eds.). Phylogeny and classification of Neotropical fishes. Porto Alegre, Edipucrs, 603p.

Symphysodon discus

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Symphysodon discus

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