Lago Grande is a large piece of varzea located northwest of the city of Santarém, constituting a huge lake that covers three municipalities, where there are several communities whose main source of income comes from fishing, followed by agricultural activity, which mainly accounts for subsistence.

The distance from the municipal headquarters to the beginning of the lake, through the Amazon River, is approximately 60km, being traveled in about 3 hours by motor boat. Access can also be made using intermodal transport, combining the displacement by water from Santarém to the Patacho community on the right bank of the Amazon River, near the lake entrance, from there by road via the PA 257 (Translago), which connects Santarém to the municipality of Juruti.

Unlike breeding farms where couples of red-eyed wild discus are formed to produce similar offspring, and if it does not work, the breeder can cremate the offspring and redo the process, companies that buy wild caught fish alive in Brazil depend on the nature and can not kill the purchased fish. This is why there is a great variation in the price of wild discus, but regardless of its rarity or simpler classification, wild discus are docile animals, beautiful and easy take care, provided they are kept in high temperature water and in small  groups because they are warm-weather animals, gregarious and can not live alone.

Symphysodon discus

In the company FAN DE PEIXE ORNAMENTAL, wild fish, after receiving veterinary treatment, are placed in community aquariums that have cycled water. During the quarantine period, this water is added  extract of "Aloe vera" and leaves of "Terminalia catappa". The juice of "Aloe vera", besides calming the fish, has healing action. The "Terminalia catappa" leaf makes the water turn yellow, but serves as a natural fungicide. In the quarantine period, fish learn to feed wich feed without dye. In the stores, the wild discus will receive dyes that in a few days will turn them into vibrant, beautiful animals. Its beauty can turn into different tonality, some dark, some lighter, depending on the variety of beta-carotene or seaweed dyes, or colored lighting in aquarium.
Symphysodon discus
Symphysodon discus Heckel, 1840 

According to FISHBASE:

Kingdom = Animalia ; Phylum = Chordata ; Class = Actinopterygii ; Perciformes ; Family = Cichlidae ; Genus =
  Symphysodon.

Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin in Brazil, near the mouth of the Negro River, in the lower Abacaxis River, and in the lower Trombetas River.

Size - Maximum Length: 12.3 cm.

Synonyms: Symphysodon discus, Symphysodon discus willischwartzi.

Common name of Symphysodon discus: Acará disco, Discus, Red discus.

Symphysodon discus

Reference: Kullander, S.O., 1996. Eine weitere Übersicht der Diskusfische, Gattung Symphysodon Heckel. D. Aqu. U. Terr. Z., Sonderheft "Diskus".
Symphysodon discus

Symphysodon discus

Reference:

FISHBASE = https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Symphysodon-discus

INSTRUÇÃO NORMATIVA INTERMINISTERIAL N°1, DE 3 DE JANEIRO DE 2012. Diário Oficial da União – Seção I, Nº3, quarta-feira, 4 de janeiro de 2012, páginas 26 a 42 – ISSN 1677-7042 INI MPA-MMA (n01-2012 - Peixes Ornamentais Continentais.pdf)

Barriga, R. 1991 Peces de agua dulce del Ecuador. Revista de Informacion tecnico-cientifica, Quito, Ecuador, Politecnica, XVI(3):7-88

Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl 1995 Aquarien Atlas. Band 4. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Verlag für Natur- und Heimtierkunde, Melle, Germany. 864p.

Buckup, P. A., & Santos, G. M. 2010. Ictiofauna da Ecorregião Xingu-Tapajós: fatos e perspectivas. Boletim da Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia, 98, 3-9.

Camargo, M., Giarrizzo, T., & Carvalho Júnior, J. 2005. Levantamento ecológico rápido da fauna ictica de tributários do Médio-baixo Tapajós e Curuá. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, 1(2), 213-231

ICMBIO Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade. Levantamento da Ictiofauna, Caracterização Genética e da Fauna Parasitária da bacia hidrográfica do rio Tapajós. 2011

Fernández-Yépez, A. 1969. Contribucion al conocimiento de los cichlidos. Evências, 22: 1-16.

Kullander, S. O. 1986. Cichlid fishes of the Amazon River drainage of Peru. Swedish Museum of Natural History. Stockholm, Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 431p.

Kullander, S. O. 1998. A phylogeny and classification of the South American Cichlidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Pp. 461-498. In: L. R. Malabarba, R. E. Reis, R. P. Vari, Z. M. S. Lucena & C. A. S. Lucena (Eds.). Phylogeny and classification of Neotropical fishes. Porto Alegre, Edipucrs, 603p.

Symphysodon discus

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Symphysodon discus

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Symphysodon discus

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