YELLOW-SPOTTED AMAZON RIVER TURTLE
The yellow-spotted amazon river turtle, a turtle originating in South America, inhabits the margins of the watercourses of tropical forests, being often found sunning on fallen logs by the rivers of waters dark and weak currents.
This type of turtle is omnivorous, has no teeth, but a bone plate that serves as a blade, and feeds mainly on seeds, leaves, fruits, roots, insects, mollusks and crustaceans.
This reptile is medium size, reaching 45 inches and weighing around 8 kg when adult. It features a black hull, oval and slightly convex, elongated head and muzzle. At sunrise behind the yellowish stains and clear the back of the head and the marginal plates coating.
The turtle shows sexual dimorphism, where males are smaller than females and have a narrower carapace and tail longer and thicker. The adult females change the orange colored head by patches of brownish rust and some males may completely lose their color pattern.
At the time of laying, the dry season when water levels appear low and the beaches, the nesting female alone in banks, banks of rivers and lakes, which puts an average of 20 eggs. The eggs are incubated by the heat of the sun and the puppies born independent, with no parental support.
The time of hatching is approximately 70 days, depending on the temperature and humidity of the nest. The sex of hatchlings is determined by the incubation temperature: above 32 ° C born female and below are male.
This turtle reaches sexual maturity at approximately 7 years and can live for over 90 years.
PODOCNEMIDIDAE - Podocnemis unifilis