The bacabeira is a palm native to the Amazon, found in much of virgin forest land, and widely used in folk buildings and landscaping in the northern region. 

 

This plant has a single-stemmed (solitary) high with the stem (aerial stem, straight, cylindrical and without branches) smooth.

 

There are several species of bacabeira, and some can reach over 20 feet tall, with an average trunk diameter of 20 to 25 cm. 

 

The leaves of the bacabeira are pinnate (like feathers), and the leaflets issued in the midrib.

 

The inflorescences have rachilles (central axis) branched, where the flowers bloom. Its flowers are yellowish or reddish unisexual and the proportion of one female to two males.

 

 The fruits are rounded drupe about 2 cm in diameter, bark green when immature and dark purple color when ripe. Robust and large clusters form. Its flesh is thin, white and fleshy. In the central part of the fruit is its only seed.

 

The spread of bacaba is by seeds that germinate between 60 and 120 days.

 

The bacabeira showed slow growth, with production beginning at approximately 6 years.

 

The flesh of bacaba is used in the preparation of the "wine", which are tasted with sugar and manioc flour or tapioca. 

 

Trunk bacabeira can be extracted palmetto and palm leaves can be used to cover their huts and making crafts.

 

ARECACEAE - Oenocarpus bacaba

 

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