The assai is a native palm of the Amazon that occurs in large quantities in areas of wetlands and flooded forests.

 

It is a plant multiple stem, which can present more than 20 stems per clump, which can reach over 20m in height and 18cm in diameter.

 

Each contains a set assai 8-14 Leaves compound, pinnate (feather shape) and in spiral arrangement.

 

The inflorescence of assai is below the leaves, arranged almost horizontally. The inflorescences have rachilles (central axis) branched, where the flowers bloom. Its yellow flowers are unisexual and the proportion of one female to two males.

 

The fruit is a drupe small, spheric, about 1 cm and 2 cm. The color of the fruit varies with the type.

 

The two most common varieties are: purple and white. In the first type, the ripe fruit color is purple or black in the second type, fruit color, it is always green (even when ripe).

 

A assai produces about 4 bunches of fruit per year. These bunches are harvested by hand, when the native climbs the palm with the aid of a peconha feet.

 

The spread of assai in the north is by seeds, which germinate após1 month.

 

Assai, to be consumed, must be softened in water and then fermented to form a juice known as assai wine that is consumed in the north, in the frozen state, mixed with sugar and manioc flour or tapioca.

 

The palmetto extracted from assai palm has nice taste and very much appreciated.

 

The assai wine may be diluted or concentrated in order to serve as feedstock for the production of liqueurs, jellies and sorbets.

 

ARECACEAE - Euterpe oleracea

 

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